Timeline: A look into the long history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

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buy Vyvanse online without prescription overnight delivery. ByKiara Alfonseca

October 17, 2023, 4:38 AM



Israel prepares for ground attack in Gaza

Israel prepares for ground attack in Gaza

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu greeted soldiers near the Israel-Gaza border as troops prepared to eli…Read More

The Hamas terrorist attack on Israel this weekend comes amid the backdrop of a longstanding history of conflict over land and independence that has plagued the region.

The early 1900s: British promote Zionist movement for a ‘national home’ for Jewish populations

The Balfour Declaration, issued by the British government in 1917,

announced Britain’s promise for a “national home for the

Jewish people” in Palestine, which was then under the rule of the Ottoman Empire.

The promise appeased the Zionist movement, who believe in a Jewish right to the land of Jerusalem — or Zion. buy Vyvanse online without prescription overnight delivery

Following the end of World War I, the region of Palestine was concede

by the Ottoman Empire and was place under the rule of the British

via a mandate from the League of Nations.

The mandate was criticize for not taking into account the wants and

needs of the Palestinians who resided in the land and wanted independence.

Britain’s promise, as well as Nazi persecution and the Holocaust

during World War II, is cite as what led tens of thousands of

Jewish civilians to migrate to Palestinian land into the 20s and 30s.

Ongoing clashes between Palestinian Arabs and Jewish migrants in the region led to hundreds of deaths.

MORE: Death came from sea, air and ground: A timeline of surprise attack by Hamas on Israel

1947-48: Partitioning Palestine into two states, the Arab-Israeli War begins

1947 UN Partition
1947 UN PartitionLibrary of Congress / IDF Mapping Unit / ABC News Illustration

In February 1947, the British proposed that the United Nations consider the future of Palestine and take over relations in the region amid ongoing tension.

The United Nations later adopted a resolution to split Palestine into two independent states — a “Jewish State” and an “Arab State” with Jerusalem under UN trusteeship, despite opposition from Palestinian Arabs of the region.

Jerusalem, a city with religious significance to many groups, would remain under international control administered by the United Nations.

Palestinians refused to recognize the resolution, and violent conflict between both groups continued.

On May 15, 1948, Israel declared independence, thus beginning the Israeli-Arab War, with five Arab states fighting against the creation of the state.

Palestinians were force off their lands or fled en masse, marking the first large-scale exodus in what would become a decadeslong battle over land ownership, according to the United Nations.

Israel, back by foreign powers, won the war, and the territory was divid into three parts — Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Egypt and Jordan retained control of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, respectively, until 1967.

The Gaza Strip is a 140 square mile strip of land along the Mediterranean Sea surround by Israel and Egypt. It is currently home to roughly 2 million people.

The West Bank is a landlock 2,200 square mile region border by Israel and Jordan with a population of roughly 3 million people.

1967: Six-Day War

On June 5, 1967, after a prolonged attrition war between Israel and Egypt, the Six-Day War broke out between Israel and its Arab neighbors.

PHOTO: FILE - Israeli Centurion tank corps prepare for battle during the Six-Day War.
Israeli Centurion tank corps prepare for battle during the Six-Day War.Three Lions/Getty Images, FILE

After six days of war, Israel captured Palestinian Arab territories of the West Bank, East Jerusalem, Gaza, and the Sinai Peninsula, as well as the Syrian territory of Golan Heights.

The Six-Day War forced a majority of Palestinians to once again become refugees and began a decadeslong Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories.

1987: First Palestinian ‘intifada,’ or uprising, occurs

The first yearslong uprising from Palestinian forces in their struggle for self determination began in 1987.


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